The carding process begins with the fibres being placed on a carding machine, which consists of two drums covered in small wire teeth. The drums rotate in opposite directions, and the fibres are fed between them. As the fibres pass through the machine, the wire teeth separate and align the fibres, removing any impurities and tangles.
Carding is an important step in the textile production process as it makes the fibres easier to work with, improves their strength and durability, and creates a more consistent end product. Additionally, carding also helps to make sure that the fibres are suitable for spinning into yarn or thread.